Basic Alcohols

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Basic Alcohols

Post by Nevyn on Sat Jul 11, 2015 7:55 pm

Alcohols take the form of a Hydrocarbon with an Hydroxide molecule attached at some location. The basic alcohols attach the Hydroxide molecule to the end of the chain. More complex alcohols attach the Hydroxide at some point along the chain.

Our basic building blocks are Hydrogen, Carbon and Oxygen, as shown in the following image.

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Methanol

Post by Nevyn on Sat Jul 11, 2015 8:02 pm

Methanol - CH3OH


The most basic alcohol is Methanol. It is a light, volatile, colorless, flammable liquid. It is so flammable that it is often used as a fuel in race cars but is being replaced by Ethanol for safety reasons.

To build Methanol, we take a Methane molecule, CH4, and swap out 1 Hydrogen atom with an Hydroxide molecule to form CH3OH.

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Ethanol

Post by Nevyn on Sat Jul 11, 2015 8:10 pm

Ethanol - CH3CH2OH


Ethanol is the alcohol we all know and love. It is mostly used for consumption but can also be used as a solvent, an antiseptic and as a fuel. It is a volatile, flammable, colorless liquid primarily produced by fermenting sugars by yeast.



We can see from this model that we are adding a CH2 into the middle of Methanol to build Ethanol.
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Propyl Alcohol

Post by Nevyn on Sat Jul 11, 2015 8:18 pm

Propyl Alcohol - CH3(CH2)2OH


Propyl Alcohol, also known as 1-propanol, is a colorless liquid mostly used as a solvent for resins and cellulose esters. You may be more familiar with its isomer, Isopropyl alcohol, which is used as an antiseptic and a solvent (great for cleaning you LCD monitor, I also use it to clean copper clad boards before I etch a circuit onto them).



Last edited by Nevyn on Sat Jul 11, 2015 8:29 pm; edited 1 time in total (Reason for editing : Typo)
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Butyl Alcohol

Post by Nevyn on Sat Jul 11, 2015 8:22 pm

Butyl Alcohol - CH3(CH2)3OH


Butyl Alcohol, also known as Butanol, is primarily used as a solvent but can be used as a fuel. It has four isomers and I am only showing the most basic form here. The other configurations place the Hydroxide molecule at different positions along the chain.

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Pentyl Alcohol

Post by Nevyn on Sat Jul 11, 2015 8:27 pm

Pentyl Alcohol - CH3(CH2)4OH


Pentyl alcohol, also known as an Amyl alcohol, can take 1 of 8 forms and is mostly used as a solvent. I am showing its normal form here.



Last edited by Nevyn on Sat Jul 11, 2015 8:30 pm; edited 1 time in total (Reason for editing : Typo)
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Re: Basic Alcohols

Post by Nevyn on Sat Jul 11, 2015 8:40 pm

From these models we can see that we have a Hydrocarbon chain with an Hydroxide molecule attached to one end. The Oxygen atom provides a boost to the charge strength which means that the molecule will have a stronger charge emission at one end of it, almost like an ion. That is, the Oxygen atom will emit more charge from its equator than the Carbon atoms while also pushing more charge into those Carbons because it has a stronger pull on the ambient charge field. You could think of the Oxygen as a turbo charger, which forces more air (ambient charge) into an engine (Carbon chain) so that we can add more fuel and get a bigger bang (charge emission).
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