Mapping properties of the Elements - Colors

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Mapping properties of the Elements - Colors

Post by Cr6 on Sun Apr 24, 2016 6:52 pm

AtomicNumberAtomicSymbolElementCrystal structureColor
1Hhydrogen hexagonalcolorless
2Hehelium hexagonalcolorless
3Lilithium cubic: body centeredsilvery
4Beberyllium hexagonalsteel gray
5Bboron rhombohedralblack
6Ccarbon hexagonalblack
7Nnitrogen hexagonalcolorless
8Ooxygen cubiccolorless
9Ffluorine cubiccolorless
10Neneon cubic: face centeredcolorless
11Nasodium cubic: body centeredsilvery
12Mgmagnesium hexagonalsilvery
13Alaluminiumcubic: face centeredsilvery
14Sisilicon cubic: face centeredgray-black
15Pphosphorus monoclinicwhite-yellow
16Ssulfur orthorhombicyellow(pale)
17Clchlorine orthorhombicgreenish-yellow
18Arargon cubic: face centeredcolorless
19Kpotassium cubic: body centeredsilvery-white
20Cacalcium cubic: face centeredsilvery-white
21Scscandium hexagonalsilvery-white
22Tititanium hexagonalgray
23Vvanadium cubic: body centeredbright white
24Crchromium cubic: body centeredsilvery-white
Was just thinking about how Mathis' Charge field provides different "elemental properties" as single atoms up to the full element particularly with colors.  For solid elements, it seems as the structures grow to the higher carousel with "arms" the color of the element takes on a more "silvery/silvery-white" appearance. 

How photons/charge field hit these structures and recycle the input energy into various color properties is a big question?  In other words, why is copper orange-red, sulfur yellow, chlorine greenish and carbon black?

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Re: Mapping properties of the Elements - Colors

Post by Cr6 on Sun Oct 30, 2016 7:40 pm

Electro-negativityElementSymbolAtomic number
2.2HydrogenH1
HeliumHe2
0.98LithiumLi3
1.57BerylliumBe4
2.04BoronB5
2.55CarbonC6
3.04NitrogenN7
3.44OxygenO8
3.98FluorineF9
NeonNe10
0.93SodiumNa11
1.31MagnesiumMg12
1.61AluminumAl13
1.9SiliconSi14
2.19PhosphorusP15
2.58SulfurS16
3.16ChlorineCl17
ArgonAr18
0.82PotassiumK19
1PotassiumK19
1.36CalciumCa20
1.54ScandiumSc21
1.63TitaniumTi22
1.66VanadiumV23
1.55ChromiumCr24
1.83ManganeseMn25
1.88IronFe26
1.91CobaltCo27
1.9NickelNi28
1.65CopperCu29
1.81ZincZn30
2.01GalliumGa31
2.18ArsenicAs33
2.55SeleniumSe34
2.96KryptonKr36

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Re: Mapping properties of the Elements - Colors

Post by Cr6 on Sun Oct 30, 2016 7:41 pm

RubidiumRb37
0.82StrontiumSr38
0.95YttriumY39
1.22ZirconiumZr40
1.33NiobiumNb41
1.6MolybdenumMo42
2.16TechnetiumTc43
1.9RutheniumRu44
2.2RhodiumRh45
2.28PalladiumPd46
2.2SilverAg47
1.93CadmiumCd48
1.69IndiumIn49
1.78TinSn50
1.96AntimonySb51
2.05IodineI53
2.1XenonXe54
2.66CesiumCs55
2.6BariumBa56
0.79LanthanumLa57
0.89CeriumCe58
1.1PraseodymiumPr59
1.12NeodymiumNd60
1.13PromethiumPm61
1.14SamariumSm62
EuropiumEu63
1.17GadoliniumGd64
TerbiumTb65
1.2DysprosiumDy66
HolmiumHo67
1.22ErbiumEr68
1.23ThuliumTm69
1.24YtterbiumYb70
1.25LutetiumLu71
HafniumHf72
1.27TantalumTa73
1.3TungstenW74
1.5RheniumRe75
2.36OsmiumOs76
1.9IridiumIr77

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Re: Mapping properties of the Elements - Colors

Post by Cr6 on Sun Oct 30, 2016 7:42 pm

2.2PlatinumPt78
2.2GoldAu79
2.28MercuryHg80
2.54ThalliumTl81
2LeadPb82
1.62BismuthBi83
2.33PoloniumPo84
2.02AstatineAt85
2RadonRn86
2.2FranciumFr87
RadiumRa88
0.7ActiniumAc89
0.89ThoriumTh90
1.1ProtactiniumPa91
1.3UraniumU92
1.5NeptuniumNp93
1.38PlutoniumPu94
1.36AmericiumAm95
1.28CuriumCm96
1.3BerkeliumBk97
1.3CaliforniumCf98
1.3EinsteiniumEs99
1.3FermiumFm100
1.3MendeleviumMd101
1.3NobeliumNo102
1.3LawrenciumLr103
1.3RutherfordiumRf104

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Re: Mapping properties of the Elements - Colors

Post by Nevyn on Mon Oct 31, 2016 1:47 am

Electronegativity, symbol χ, is a chemical property that describes the tendency of an atom or a functional group to attract electrons (or electron density) towards itself.[1] An atom's electronegativity is affected by both its atomic number and the distance at which its valence electrons reside from the charged nucleus. The higher the associated electronegativity number, the more an element or compound attracts electrons towards it.

Well that sounds quite physical.

Electronegativity cannot be directly measured and must be calculated from other atomic or molecular properties.

Oh, I guess not.

You have to be very, very careful around these calculated values. A measured value is real. You might have to work your way through the machines used to measure it before you know what that value means, but it is measuring reality at some level. Any calculated value relies on some form of theory. That is what the equations are, a mathematical representation of the theory. That is why Miles says the theory comes first and the math second. You can't represent what you don't know.

That doesn't mean they are useless, you just have to unwind what they actually mean and hopefully you can find the right path with the right theory.

Thanks for putting this together, Cr6. This is the kind of stuff I need to analyze the atomic models. This is the kind of data that could be used in R so that we can see some of the relationships between elements a bit easier.
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